In 1990, the population of the Tyumen region reached 3176,000 people. The majority of the population were Russians, but their share was constantly decreasing due to the influx of Ukrainians to the North. If in 1970 the number of Russians was 81.1%, by 1989 this figure had fallen to 72.6%. The number of Ukrainians increased from 180 to 260 thousand people. The number of Tatars, Belarusians, Bashkirs, Chuvash, Azerbaijanis grew. Due to the rise in the birth rate in the 1980s, the number of indigenous people increased.
As a result of the collapse of the USSR, the outflow of population from the North began. In 1991-1992, 327 thousand people left the Tyumen region, but only 252.9 thousand people arrived. The general situation in the regional economy during this period is unfavorable – high taxes (up to 80% of profits were taken away), rising prices, unemployment (in 1993, 14 thousand people lost their jobs every month). Demographic problems associated with an increase in mortality, a decrease in the birth rate, the spread of small children (1-2 children), and abortions have become acute. Young couples most often refused to register marriages.
Against the background of the crisis in the economy, crime and alcoholism were growing (mainly the use of alcoholic products of their own manufacture and alcohol surrogates).
In the agriculture of the region – an unsuccessful attempt to create farms. But there were also successful projects, for example, the Association "Luch" from the Nizhnetavdinsky district. In 1992, the company received a yield of 40 quintals per hectare.
By the beginning of 1993, there were only 48 tractors, 17 cars, 20 plows, 14 seeders and 8 combines per 100 farms. In October 1993, the collective farms disappeared. Instead, there are attempts to create agricultural cooperatives, joint-stock companies.
There were crisis phenomena in education and culture. For example, in 1992 in Tyumen, out of six cinemas, only one was recoupable. Along with this, video salons appeared. It should be noted the poor quality of films and poor translation. A lot of tabloid literature appeared, in paperback on paper of poor quality.