Soviet and Russian party, statesman and politician, the first popularly elected President of the Russian Federation (1991-1999), from November 1991 to June 1992 simultaneously headed the government. From March to May 1992, he served as the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Boris Nikolaevich went down in history as the first popularly elected head of the Russian state, a radical reformer of the socio-political and economic structure of Russia. The period of Boris Yeltsin's rule was marked by the August coup, the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, price liberalization and privatization in early 1992. Subsequent years were colored by impeachment attempts (1993, 1999), the dispersal of the Supreme Soviet and the adoption of the Constitution of 1993, confrontation with the Communist Party, the first Chechen War (1994-1996)., as well as default in 1998 . Boris Yeltsin was elected to a second presidential term in the summer of 1996. During this period, the economic crisis in Russia ended with the default of August 1998, the change of five Russian government structures, the attempt to impeach the president again in May 1999 and the beginning of the second Chechen war.
On December 31, 1999, Boris Yeltsin announced his resignation from the post of President of Russia. Acting Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin, who won the early presidential elections in March 2000, was appointed acting President.