In the old days, the harvest began on July 21, with the harvesting of winter rye. This day, the day of St. Procopius, was considered a "living" holiday in Russia. They got down to business with a blessing and prayer.
In the USSR, every harvest turned into a "battle for the harvest." The collective farmers were constantly hampered by the weather. Here are the summaries from the fields of the postwar period.
In the summer of 1945 Ukraine, Moldova and the Volga region were hit by drought. In the Volga region, it was even heavier in 1921. In autumn, scanty amounts of precipitation fell in the main granaries of the country, winter crops suffered from early frosts. The farmers of the Tyumen region have grown a good harvest. However, in August-September 1945 there were torrential rains. The ground was so saturated with water, but the trailer combines were falling through and the tractors did not have the strength to pull them out.
In 1946, plowing on collective farms began in the second half of April. It was very damp in the fields, there was water. At the beginning of May, frost struck. The fields were covered with snow. For two weeks winter struggled with spring. At night the ground froze, and during the day it turned into mud. The plowing and sowing of the farms of the region was completed by the 10th of June. It rained from mid-June to the end of July. At the beginning, the collective farms started mass harvesting of bread. By September 26, most collective farms had failed to clean up. Many farms finished the harvest already under the snow.
In 1947-1948, nature again challenged man. April 1947 was very warm, the snow was surprisingly fast. The flood started. Since the end of July there have been continuous rains. Rains have complicated the harvest. On September 10, most of the collective farms in the region fulfilled the harvest plan by only a third.