The idea of creating a pioneer organization belonged to N. K. Krupskaya. She suggested that the Komsomol adopt scout methods and create a children's organization, "scout in form and communist in content." At the beginning of 1922, I. Zhukov proposed the name "pioneers" for the new organization. The words "pioneer" meant the first, the foremost, going ahead, paving the way for others.
At the V Congress of the Komsomol, the Laws and customs of young pioneers, the Solemn Promise, the Regulations on the pioneer organization are adopted.
The resolution of the Organizational Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) dated August 4, 1924 "On the pioneer movement" indicated that the main task of the pioneer movement was to be a school of communist education.
The symbolism of the pioneer organization was borrowed from the modified scout organization: a red tie (instead of green); a white blouse (instead of green); the scout motto "Be ready!" and the scout response to it "Always ready!"; elements of symbolism (for example, three lily petals of the scout badge in the pioneer badge - three flames of the campfire; the three ends of the pioneer tie began to mean three generations: Pioneers, Komsomol members, Сommunists).
From scouting in the pioneer organization, the following have been preserved: play forms of educational work with children; organization of children in squads; the institute of counselors; campfire gatherings.
On May 19, 1922, the second All-Russian Komsomol Conference decided to establish pioneer detachments everywhere. This day became the birthday of the pioneer. So, in 1922 the first pioneer detachments appeared in a number of cities and villages. Pioneer organizations in schools began to be created in 1923 under the name "outposts". And already in 1929 there were pioneer organizations on the school principle: a class – a band, a school – a squad.
Until 1924, the pioneer movement was named after Spartak, and after Lenin's death it received his name.
The pioneer organization can be called a school of political activity. Pioneers helped adults to build a new, fair and happy life. The All-Union Pioneer Organization named after V.I. Lenin was the most popular children's organization in the USSR. The leadership of the pioneer organization was carried out by the Central Committee of the Komsomol.
More than one generation of children passed through the pioneer organization. The ability to be friends and help each other, the ability to work and fulfill their duty to the team, the ability to love the Motherland – all these qualities Soviet people absorbed from the pioneer organization.