According to archaeological sources, the deer was domesticated at the beginning of our era. Nowadays, many peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East are engaged in reindeer husbandry. Reindeer husbandry is the main occupation of the Nenets on the territory of our region. For the Nenets of Western Siberia, deer is not just a measure of wealth, but the basis of life.
Reindeer husbandry is characterized by high herd mobility, which is associated with the state of pastures and the availability of feed. Deer can graze in the northern taiga, forest tundra and tundra. In the latter case, in summer the herds are grazed in the tundra, and in winter they are distilled to the forest tundra and the northern taiga. Each herd is watched by a team or a family of reindeer herders with mobile housing — a plague. The main tasks of reindeer herders are to protect animals from numerous predators and timely change of pasture areas.
Nomadic herds of deer are carried out along pre-agreed routes, as a rule, permanent for a long time. In autumn, all animals are herded into special pens (corrals) for counting, marking young animals, veterinary treatments and culling of individuals. Nowadays, a special reindeer husky is used to fit deer. Reindeer can be slaughtered right in the middle of the herd, as it does not frighten their relatives. Nenets traditionally use deer as transport animals.