The basis for the development of the agro-industrial complex of Western Siberia is the traditional industry - fishing. The catch of whitefish species in Yamal is half of the Russian one.
In the Tyumen region there are more than 200 thousand hectares of natural reservoirs suitable for fish breeding. More than 150 farms are engaged in industrial fishing in the region. A third of them develop commercial fish farming, more than a dozen specialize in processing fish products.
Professor Mukhachev is one of the pioneers of lake commercial fish farming in the Tyumen region. In the 1960s, the USSR Ministry of Fisheries commissioned the Siberian Scientific Research Institute of Fisheries, where he worked as deputy director, to develop technologies for growing fish in overseas reservoirs. Several laboratories have been created, bionormatives and technologies for accelerated cultivation of pelage, carp, herbivorous and other fish species have been developed, taking into account the area - taiga, forest-steppe, steppe, since the growth rates in each zone differ significantly.
In the Tobolsk and Kondinsky districts in the 1970s, 30-40 kilograms of long-term feeding pelage were grown from one hectare, and in the forest-steppe zone in the Kazan district - 200-250 kilograms.
A lot of useful substances are stored in the silt under the water column. This invaluable biological resource is being harrowed into circulation. Nitrogen, phosphorus, organic substances are beginning to benefit. Literally after 10-15 days, the reservoir is not recognized: the fish begins to gain weight quickly - 3-4 times faster.