A cone-shaped mobile dwelling of people leading a nomadic lifestyle is called a chum. Its design and structure have developed over many hundreds of years. The number of elements that make up the chum is minimal – long poles and coverings (nyuki). The coverings of the plague differ depending on the time of year: winter ones consist of sewn deer skins, summer ones are made of tarpaulin. Even earlier, the plague coating was made of birch bark, which was boiled and then stitched together to give it flexibility and elasticity. Currently, it is very rare to find a birch bark dwelling.
Women install and disassemble the plague. First, three support poles are placed, which are interconnected in the upper part, and then the rest of the poles are placed in a circle. The edge of the coating is fixed with a pole at the top, wrapped around the installed poles and attached to them with ropes. In the upper part there is a hole for installing a chimney; if there is no stove, then for the smoke to escape from the hearth. The lower edge of the coating is covered with snow in winter. The design of the plague is easy to install, convenient for transportation on sleds, stable in the wind and retains heat.
In the interior, the plague is just everything you need. In the middle of the plague is a stove or hearth. To the left of the entrance is a table on low legs, mats made of twigs, grass or skins are laid on the ground or snow, on which they sleep. For various household items, crossbars are attached to poles with ropes. Coziness and comfort depends on woman - a hostess of the plague. Here, a woman cooks food, sheaths and shoes the whole family, and all her free time is devoted to needlework.