In May 1961, the first geologists landed on the shore of the Yuganskaya Ob. Specialists of the Surgut oil exploration expedition chose a place for the construction of an exploration well 2.5 km from the village of Ust-Balyk, where they designated a place for a work settlement, which will later turn into Nefteyugansk.
The drilling of the first well was led by the legendary Soviet pioneer geologist, hero of the Yugra land, whose name was given to the airport in Surgut, Farman Salmanov. The first team included other famous people — Lev Rovnin, the chief geologist of the Tyumen Production Geological Department, and Boris Savelyev, the chief geologist of the Surgut Oil Exploration expedition.
On October 15, 1961, the first fountain of "black gold" was hammered from the well R-63. In December 1962, it produced 800 tons of oil per day. Today, the legendary well is a monument to the industrial development of Western Siberia, and then everything was just beginning — young oilmen who were not afraid of the hardships of unsettled life and work in the impassable taiga took up the task.
Commercial operation of Ust-Balyk began in May 1964, when the first batch of oil was sent to the refinery. The first two thousand tons of "black gold" were shipped from the R-80 well.
By the mid-1960s, the main geological exploration work at the Ust-Balykskoye field was completed. Twenty three wells produced oil. The field came out on top in terms of oil reserves in the Tyumen region, and young people from all over the country rushed to the small working village of Nefteyugansk, where only one and a half thousand people lived.