In 1935, in Salekhard, on the basis of the department of the Tobolsk Veterinary College, a reindeer breeding college was formed. Since that time, the college has been training specialists in the specialty "Animal science". The first graduation of 13 reindeer herders took place in 1937. In 1944, the importance of the Salekhard Technical School increased significantly, it was reorganized into a zootechnical and veterinary technical school of republican subordination. In 1944, the department of Veterinary Medicine was opened, the first issue of veterinary surgeons was only 8 people.
In 1987, the department of "Hunting Studies" and the correspondence zootechnical department were opened, and in 1993 two new departments were opened in the college – "Jurisprudence" and "Accounting and Audit".
In 1998, a branch of the Tyumen Agricultural Academy was opened on the basis of the technical school. By Decree of the Head of the Administration of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug No. 214 dated June 29, 1994, the technical school was renamed into the Federal State Educationak Institution of Secondary Vocational Education "Salekhard Veterinary College".
In 2003, another renaming followed and now this educational institution is called the Yamal Polar Agroeconomical College.