After the Second World War, the Soviet Union was in a dual position. On the one hand, a third of the country lay in ruins, on the other – the countries of Eastern and Central Europe entered the field of foreign policy of the USSR. Communists came to power in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
At that time, new states appeared on the world map, which in a bipolar world had to decide very quickly whether to be with the USSR or with the USA.
The Soviet Union provided support to developing countries by sending raw materials, machines, technologies, specialists, etc. Soviet aid was by no means a one-way road. In exchange for loans, equipment and weapons, we received raw materials and various goods. For example, natural rubber, bauxite, rolled ferrous metals, cotton, wool, leather raw materials, tea, cocoa beans, fabrics, sugar. For example, Guinea, a country with 2/3 of the world's bauxite reserves, ranks first in the world in its reserves and second in its exports. Before Perestroika, 30% of the USSR's aluminum needs were met at the expense of Guinean raw materials.
One of the most important points of Soviet supplies, and one of the main reasons for the debt of developing countries, was our weapons
The products of Tyumen manufacturers were also supplied to socialist countries – pills went to Cuba, Sitnik condensed milk to the GDR.