After the October Revolution, the new government decided to demolish the former monuments. Instead, it was proposed to erect monuments to Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and proletarian writers. Unfortunately, the first Soviet sculptural compositions were made of inexpensive and fragile materials and soon collapsed.
One of the earliest in the region was a monument to Lenin, erected in 1927 in Tobolsk at the expense of the workers of the city in the area of the Market Square. Following the installation of the monument, a square was arranged.
Before the war, monuments to the leader of the world proletariat appeared in every city of the region. Very often, the most famous portrait statues of Lenin were crudely copied in these monuments. In terms of the number of copies, these monuments could compete, perhaps, with the monuments and busts of the leader of the peoples – Stalin.
After the Great Patriotic War, monuments that perpetuated the feat of the people began to be built all over the country: busts, portrait statues, memorials. Monuments to writers and poets are being erected everywhere: Lermontov, Yesenin, Pushkin, Gorky.
Another sign of the post–war years is a park sculpture. It revealed the main features of the leading Soviet style – socialist realism. Girls with a paddle are the "inhabitants" of boat stations, plaster bathers are the "population" of Soviet beaches, pioneers with horns and drums are the attraction of pioneer camps and schools.
After the twentieth Congress of the CPSU, monuments and busts of Stalin quietly disappeared from the streets of cities, educational institutions and enterprises. The second half of the twentieth century made its own adjustments to the sculptural compositions. On the anniversary dates of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, monuments were opened all over the country, revealing the feat of the people.