On May 25, 1919, the first parade of Vsevobuch detachments – general military training courses – took place on Red Square in Moscow. The holiday marked the beginning of a series of physical culture parades – spectacular sporting events organized by the Bolsheviks. Especially interesting and spectacular parades of athletes were held in the 1920s and 1930s. By themselves, the processions of athletes were considered by their organizers not only as a show and a means of promoting a healthy lifestyle, but also an equally effective means of patriotic education and military training of the population.
With the organization of sports societies in the 1930s, parades of athletes began to be held in provincial cities. In 1939, the All-Union Day of Physical Education was established, and parades began to be held on this day.
The first post-war and last physical culture parade on Red Square took place in August 1945. More than 25 thousand people participated in it, sports and gymnastic performances lasted 4 hours and 20 minutes.
A noticeable revival of sports and mass work was marked in 1958. This was facilitated by the preparation for the upcoming Second Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR (1959).
In subsequent years, festive processions were opened all over the country with a parade of athletes on November 7 and May 1.