Among the most important issues that had to be solved during the oil and gas development of the region was the problem of providing workers with normal living conditions.
On May 16, 1964, the Tyumen Regional Executive Committee adopted a resolution "The planning schemes of the cities of Uraya, Nizhnevartovskaya, Nefteyugansk". It fixed the basic rules and principles of the development of northern cities.
In 1964, the settlements of gas workers on Igrim were founded, the settlements of oil workers in the Urals and Surgut. In 1965, the villages of Urai and Surgut received the status of cities. In 1967, Nefteyugansk received the status of a city, in 1972 – Nizhnevartovsk.
5 billion rubles were allocated for the construction of cities in 1966-1985, which was only 9% of the total amount of capital investments for the development of deposits. During these years, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, the villages of Poikovo, Tarko-Sale, Tazovsky, etc. were built. Cities and towns were actively improved.
In just 20 years, 14 new cities were built in the North, 10 of them in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, 4 in the Yamalo–Nenets Autonomous Okrug. In 1990-1992, Pyt-Yakh and Lyantor (KhMAO), Muravlenko (YaNAO) received the status of cities.
Together with the cities, 20 urban-type settlements were built in the late 1980s. However, the problem with housing was very acute. Many people lived in trailers and wooden barracks.