The Great Patriotic War drained the villages of blood. Only 3% of young men born in 1921-1922 remained.
During the war, the number of acreage decreased. This happened on the territory of the entire Tyumen region. In 1946, 25 southern districts of the region, which are the agricultural zone of the region, used only 58% of farmland. Many fields after the floods began to swamp, overgrown with shrubs and sedges.
The restoration of agriculture, which suffered from the war, was very difficult in the USSR. The country lacked equipment and workers. But the heaviest blows were inflicted by nature, testing man with droughts and floods.
In 1946, a five–year plan for the restoration of the national economy (1946-1950) was created. By the end of the five–year period, it was supposed to exceed the pre–war level of acreage by 8%, cattle – by 71%, horses - by 61%, sheep - by 82%, pigs - by 250%. Life has shown how fantastic these plans were.
There was practically no production base in the collective farms. Barnyards and workshops were emptied during the war. Most of the work was done on horseback or by hand. The remaining equipment was so worn out that in the spring of 1946, 20 thousand cows were used during sowing in the Tyumen region. Often, the role of the traction force was performed by the people themselves.
In the late 1940s, the state pursued a double policy towards the collective farm peasantry. On the one hand, it promised all possible benefits, on the other, it threatened reprisals. For example, in 1947, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was adopted on conferring the title of Hero of Socialist Labor and awarding orders and medals of the USSR to collective farmers, MTS workers and state farms for obtaining high yields of wheat, rye, corn, sugar beet and cotton.
At the same time, strict measures were taken to protect collective farm lands from squandering. Collective farmers, as in the early years of Soviet power, were forbidden to start vegetable gardens, to plow even empty land for vegetable gardens. If a collective farmer for some reason did not cultivate his garden, then the land could be taken away in favor of the collective farm (this is very truthfully shown in the perestroika film "From the Life of Fyodor Kuzkin" (1989))